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The United States Warship Losses in the Dutch East Indies
(January 10th, 1942 - March 8th, 1942)


United States of America


Houston – Heavy Cruiser (CA-30)
Date of loss – March 1st, 1942
Reason - Sunk by naval gunfire and torpedoes from the IJN heavy cruisers Mogami and Mikuma, light cruiser Natori along with the IJN destroyers Fubuki, Harukaze, Asakaze, Hatakaze, Hatsuyuki, Shirayuki and Shikinami, during the Battle of Sunda Strait in company with the RAN light cruiser Perth.

Langley – Seaplane Tender (AV-3, ex. CV-1)
Date of loss – February 27th, 1942
Reason – Sunk by bombers of the Imperial Japanese Navy’s (IJN) 21st and 23rd Naval Air Flotillas while trying to deliver (32) P-40 fighters to Tjilatjap. When sunk the Langley was about 50 miles south of Tjilatjap.

Edsall – Destroyer (DD-219)
Date of loss – March 1st, 1942
ReasonSunk by naval gunfire from IJN battleships (BB)’s Hiei and Kirishima (Sentai 3, Section 1) and heavy cruisers (CA)’s Tone and Chikuma (Sentai 8).

Peary – Destroyer (DD-226)
Date of loss – February 19th, 1942
Reason – Sunk by IJN Carrier aircraft from the IJN aircraft carriers Akagi, Kaga, Hiryu and Soryu during air attacks on the North Australian harbour of Port Darwin along with seven large transports and merchant ships.

Pillsbury – Destroyer (DD-227)
Date of loss – March 1st, 1942
ReasonSunk by naval gunfire from IJN heavy cruisers (CA) Atago and Takao.

Pope – Destroyer (DD-225)
Date of loss – March 1st, 1942
Reason – Damaged by carrier aircraft from the IJN light aircraft carrier (CVL) Ryujo and sunk by naval gunfire from the IJN heavy cruisers (CA)’s Myoko and Ashigara.

Stewart – Destroyer (DD-224)
Date of loss – March 2nd, 1942
Reason – Damaged by IJN naval gunfire that damaged the steering engine during the Battle of the Badung Strait. Sent to Soerabaja for repairs. Reportedly suffered further damage while in drydock from IJN land based bombers. Scuttled in drydock at Soerabaja to avoid capture when the Japanese closed in on Soerabaja. However, the damage done by the scuttling was too ineffective and the Stewart was rebuilt by IJN and renamed Patrol Boat 102. The Stewart survived the war and was returned to the USN.

Shark – Submarine (SS-174)
Date of loss – February 11th, 1942
Reason – Sunk by IJN destroyer (DD) Amatsukaze off Menado.

S-36 – Submarine (SS)
Date of loss – January 20th, 1942
Reason – Lost by grounding in Strait of Macassar on the Taka Bakang reef due to foul weather and poor charts of the area. Unable to save the sub, the crew rigged the S-36 for flooding. The crew was rescued by the Dutch ship S.S. Siberote and taken to Soerabaja.

Perch – Submarine (SS-176)
Date of loss – March 3rd, 1942
Reason – Scuttled after being heavily damaged by IJN destroyers (DD) Amatsukaze and Hatsukaze while trying to attack Japanese invasion forces north of Soerabaja.

Pecos – Oiler (AO-6)
Date of loss – March 1st, 1942
ReasonSunk by aircraft from IJN aircraft carrier (CV) Soryu.

Asheville – Gunboat (PG-21)
Date of loss – March 3rd, 1942
Reason – Sunk by naval gunfire from IJN destroyers (DD) Arashi and Nowaki.

Note Main Sources:
Chronology of the War at Sea 1939-1945’ by J. Rohwer & G. Hummelchen
Japanese Cruisers of the Pacific War’ by E. LaCroix & L. Wells III
U. S. Warships of WWII’ by P. Silverstone
Silent Victory, the U.S. Submarine War against Japan’ by C. Blair Jr.
The Battle of the Java Sea’ by F. Van Oosten
Destroyers of WWII’ by M. Whitley

War at Sea Index . Bibliography . Article List . Geographic Names

Copyright Klemen. L. 1999-2000
Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941-1942

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