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Order of battle for Dutch, British, Australian, USA and Japanese Army


Koninklijk Nederlands Indisch Leger (KNIL Army)
The commander of Dutch KNIL troops (ca. 25,000 men and ca. 40,000 men of the Home Guard) on Java Island was Lieutenant-General Hein Ter Poorten with a headquarters in Bandoeng. The Dutch troops consisted of the following units:

1st KNIL Infantry Division under command of Major-General Wijbrandus Schilling
• Headquarters of the division
• Coastal Artillery Brigade Kustfront Batavia & Tandjong Priok
- Headquarters
- Coastal Artillery Battery with 6x120mm L/40, 3x75mm L/40, 2x75mm L/25 and 2x50mm Naval guns
- AA Artillery Battalion with 4x20mm, 4x40mm, 4x60mm and 18xAAMG guns
• 1st KNIL Infantry Regiment
- Headquarters
- Motorised Infantry Unit
- Heavy Motorised Infantry Unit with 12x47mm and 12xAAMG
- X. KNIL Infantry Battalion
- XI. KNIL Infantry Battalion
- XII. KNIL Infantry Battalion
- XIV. KNIL Infantry Battalion
• 2nd KNIL Infantry Regiment
- Headquarters
- Motorised Infantry Unit
- Heavy Motorised Infantry Unit with 9x47mm and 9xAAMG
- IV. KNIL Infantry Battalion
- IX. KNIL Infantry Battalion
- XV. KNIL Infantry Battalion
• Artillery Group
- Artillery Battalion with 12x105mm howitzers
- Artillery Battalion with 12x75mm guns
- Mountain Artillery Battalion with 12x75mm Mtn.guns
- Mountain Artillery Battery with 4x75mm Mtn.guns
- AA Battalion
• Motorised Group
- 1st Reconnaisance Cavalry Company
- 2nd Reconnaisance Cavalry Company
- Horsed Cavalry Company
• Military Police Battalion
• 1st Motorised Transport Column
• 2nd Motorised Transport Column
• Infantry Depot No.1
• School Training Infantry Battalion
• Medical Hospital at Tjimahi
• Medical Hospital at Weltevreden
• I. Landstorm Infantry Battalion
• IV. Landstorm Infantry Battalion
• attached Army Air Force Squadron Vk.A.3 (1st Lieutenant D. Berlijn) at Kalidjati with 12 FK-51 planes

2nd KNIL Infantry Division under command of Major-General Pierre A. Cox
• Headquarters of the division
• 4th KNIL Infantry Regiment
- Headquarters
- Motorised Infantry Company
- Heavy Motorised Infantry Company with 6x47mm plus 9xAAMG
- I. KNIL Infantry Battalion
- II. KNIL Infantry Battalion
- V. KNIL Infantry Battalion
• NEI Infantry Regiment "Zuid"
- Headquarters
- Infantry Company (RH/Inf.XXI)
- Infantry Company (LH/Inf.XXI)
- Infantry Battalion at Mangkoe Negoro
- MG Company
• KNIL Infantry Battalion at Tjilatjap
- Headquarters
- Infantry Company 5/IX
- Infantry Company KV
- Infantry Company RK
- Stadswacht Infantry Company (ca. 75 men)
- Heavy Infantry Company with 12xHMG, 3 mortars and 2xATR
- Coastal Artillery Detachment (battery) with 2x150mm L/40 and 4x75mm L/55 guns
• Mountain Artillery Battalion (A-II-Bg) with 12x75mm Mtn.guns
• Motorised Reconnaisance Cavalry Company
• Motorised Reconnaisance Cavalry Company (Life Guards)
• 1st Engineer Company
• 2nd Engineer Company
• Signal Company
• Military Police Battalion
• Transport Company
• Cavarly Depot
• Infantry Depot No. II
• Infantry Depot No. III
• Medical Hospital at Magelang
• III. Landstorm Battalion
• V. Landstorm Battalion
• VI. Landstorm Battalion
• Tank Training Unit with 20 light tanks Carden Lloyd M1936
• attached Army Air Force Squadron Vk.A.4 (1st Lieutenant A.L. Cox) at Kalidjati with 12 FK-51 planes

3rd KNIL Infantry Division under command of Major-General Gustav A. Ilgen
• Headquarters of the division
• Soerabaja Garrison Infantry Regiment (VBS)
- Headquarters
- Coastal Artillery Battalion with 15x150mm and 13x75mm guns
- AA Battery (A-II-Ld)
- Searchlight Company
- II. Landstorm Battalion
• 6th KNIL Infantry Regiment
- Headquarters
- Motorised Infantry Company
- Heavy Motorised Infantry Company with 9x47mm and 9xAAMG
- III. KNIL Infantry Battalion
- VIII. KNIL Infantry Battalion
- XIII. KNIL Infantry Battalion
Korps Barisan (regiment size)
- Headquarters
- I. Barisan Battalion
- II. Barisan Battalion
- III. Barisan Battalion
Korps Prajoda (battalion size)
- stationed on Bali Island
• Artillery Battalion (A-I-Vd) with 12x75mm guns
• Reconnaisance Cavalry Company
• Reconnaisance Cavalry Company
• Military Police Battalion
• Transport Company
• 3rd Engineer Company
• Medical Hospital at Malang
• I. Landstorm Battalion
• III. Landstorm Battalion
• attached Army Air Force Squadron Vk.A.5 at Kalidjati with 12 FK-51 planes
• Dutch Marine Battalion

The British Army
The commander of British troops (ca. 5,500 men) on Java Island was Major-General Sir Hervey D.W. Sitwell. The British Order of Battle for Java Island (on 23 February 1942):
• General Headquarters Bandoeng - 200 Offrs and 450 O/Rs
"B" Squadron of 3rd King's Own Hussars Tank Regiment of the 7th British Armoured Brigade
Location Bandoeng - 8 Offrs and 120 O/Rs with 25 light tanks MK IVb
• 16th Anti-Aircraft Brigade Headquarters
Location Bandoeng - 5 Offrs and 10 O/Rs
Royal AA Artillery
- 240th AA Battery, 241st AA Battery and Regimental Headquarters, 77th Heavy AA Regiment
Location Sourabaya - 28 Offrs and 659 O/Rs. 16-Mobile 3.7inch A.A. Guns
- 239th AA Battery, 77th Heavy AA Regiment
Location Batavia - 11 Offrs and 309 O/Rs with 8-Mobile 3.7inch A.A. Guns
- 'B' Troop of the 69th AA Battery, 'B' Troop of the 79th Battery and Regimental Headquarters 21st Light AA Regiment Location Malang - 11 Offrs and 180 O/Rs with 8-Mobile 40mm Bofors
- 48th AA Battery, 21st Light AA Regiment
Location Sourabaya - 8 Offrs and 255 O/Rs with 12-Mobile 40mm Bofors
- 69th AA Battery (less 'B' Troop) 21st Light AA Regiment
Location Madioen - 6 Offrs and 200 O/Rs with 8-Mobile 40mm Bofors
- 79th AA Battery (less 'B' Troop) 21st Light AA Regiment
Location Koepang, Timor with 8-Mobile 40mm Bofors
- 242nd AA Battery 48th Light AA Regiment and Regimental Headquarters
Location Batavia - 15 Offrs and 300 O/Rs with 10-Mobile 40mm Bofors
- 95th AA Battery 48th Light AA Regiment
Location Bandoeng - 8 Offrs and 250 O/Rs with 10-Mobile 40mm Bofors
- 49th AA Battery 48th Light AA Regiment
Location Kalidjati - 8 Offrs and 250 O/Rs with 10-Mobile 40mm Bofors
- 6th Heavy AA Regiment and two batteries 35th Light AA Regiment - forming composite infantry battalion
Location Tjimahi - 50 Offrs and 1100 O/Rs
Royal Engineers
- 287th Field Company
Location Batavia - 9 O/Rs
- Field Survey Section
Location Batavia - 1 Offr and 15 O/Rs
- Royal Engineer Details
Location various - 13 Offrs and 13 O/Rs
Royal Signals
General Headquarters Signals
Location Bandoeng - 4 Offrs and 24 O/Rs
- 44th Technical Maintenance Section
Location Tjamahi - 1 Offr and 22 O/Rs
- 79th Dispatch Rider Section
Location Tjamahi - 27 O/Rs
- 51st Telephone Operator Section
Location Bandoeng - 1 Offr and 42 O/Rs
- 48th Operator Section
Location Bandoeng - 1 Offr and 42 O/Rs
- 3rd Company Malaya Command Signals (Special Wireless)
Location Bandoeng - 2 Offrs and 53 O/Rs
- 62nd Line Maintenance Section
Location Batavia - 1 Offr and 32 O/Rs
65th Line Maintenance Section (End of G.H.Q. Signals)
Location Batavia - 1 Offr and 20 O/Rs
- 28th Wing Signal Section
Location Batavia - 1 Offr and 48 O/Rs
- H.Q. Royal Signals
Location Batavia - 5 Offr and 24 O/Rs
- 48th Light AA Regiment Signal Section
Location Batavia - 1 Offr and 37 O/Rs
- 77th Heavy AA Regiment Signal Section
Location Soerabaja - 10 Offr and 47 O/Rs
- 21st Light AA Regiment Signal Section
Location Malang - 1 Offr and 39 O/Rs
- 6th Heavy AA Regiment Signal Section
Location Tjamahi - 1 Offr and 40 O/Rs
Infantry
- Leicesters, Surreys, Royals, Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders
Location Batavia - 32 O/Rs
P. and L.
- H.Q. 4th Group Pioneer Corps
Location Batavia - 4 Offrs and 41 O/Rs
Supply and Transport
- H.Q., R.A.S.C. Company
Location Batavia - 9 Offrs and 62 O/Rs
- R.A.S.C. Supply Section
Location Batavia - 2 Offrs and 103 O/Rs
- 68th Petrol, Oil & Lubricants Section
Location Batavia - 2 Offrs and 34 O/Rs
- 206th Petrol Section
Location Batavia - 2 Offrs and 65 O/Rs
- 208th Petrol Section
Location Tjamahi - 2 Offrs and 37 O/Rs
- 68th Detail Issue Depot
Location Tjitjoeroeg - 1 Offr and 14 O/Rs
- 23rd Field Bakery
Location Poerwakerta - 16 O/Rs
- 1 B.S.D.
Location Tjitjoeroeg - 2 Offrs and 20 O/Rs
- 6th Heavy AA Regiment R.A.S.C. Section
Location Tjimahi - 1 Offr and 100 O/Rs
- 77th Heavy AA Regiment R.A.S.C. Section
Location Sourabaya - 2 Offrs and 105 O/Rs
- 21st Light AA Regiment R.A.S.C. Section
Location Malang - 2 Offrs and 105 O/Rs
- 48th Light AA Regiment R.A.S.C. Section
Location Batavia - 2 Offrs and 104 O/Rs
Royal Army Ordnance Corps
- 5th Port Workshop Detachment
Location Batavia - 1 Offr and 30 O/Rs
- 20th Base Ordnance Depot
Location Batavia - 5 Offrs and 90 O/Rs
- 6th Heavy AA Regiment, R.A.O.C. Section
Location Tjimahi - 1 Offr and 30 O/Rs
- 77th Heavy AA Regiment, R.A.O.C. Section
Location Soerabaja - 2 Offrs and 81 O/Rs
- 21st Light AA Regiment, R.A.O.C. Section
Location Malang - 1 Offr and 35 O/Rs
- 48th Light AA Regiment, R.A.O.C. Section
Location Batavia - 1 Offr and 35 O/Rs
Medical
- "K" Field Hospital
Location Batavia - 2 Offrs and 18 O/Rs
Miscellaneous
- Detachment Corps of Military Police
Location Batavia - 32 O/Rs
- Detachment Movement Control
Location Batavia - 10 Offrs and 10 O/Rs
- Detachment Movement Control
Location Tjilatjap - 3 Offrs and 3 O/Rs
- Detachment Movement Control
Location Soerabaja - 2 Offrs and 3 O/Rs
• RAF armed group (ca. 450 troops) under the command of Wing Commander Alexander

The United States Army (US Army)
The commander of US troops (ca. 750 men) on Java Island was Major-General J.F. Barnes. The American troops consisted of:
• 26th Field Artillery Brigade [this would be the headquarters unit], departed San Francisco 21 November 1941, arrived in Australia on 22 December 1941 and was eventually dispatched to reinforce allied forces on Java where it served 11 January 1942 - 27 February 1942 and returned to Australia on 4 March 1942
• 2nd Battalion of the 131st Field Artillery Regiment [Texas National Guard], which was a part of 26th Field Artillery Brigade. It departed from San Francisco on 21 November 1941, arrived Australia, sent to Java Island and deployed to Malang area, where it surrendered on 8 March 1942 to Japanese forces.

Australian Army
The commander of Australian troops (ca. 3000 men) on Java Island was Brigadier Arthur S. Blackburn. The Australian troops "BLACKFORCE" consisted of
• Company H.Q. and 10 Platoon "C" Guard Battalion
Location Tjililitan - 43 Offrs and O/Rs
• 2/3 Machine Gun Battalion (Australian)
Location Tjisolok and Kemajoran - 710 Offrs and O/Rs
• 2/2 Pioneer Battalion (Australian)
Location Tjililitan and Semplak - 937 Offrs and O/Rs
• 2/6 Field Company of Engineers (less two sections); (Australian)
Location Tjileungsor - 222 Offrs and O/Rs
• 2/2 Casualty Clearing Station (Australian)
Location Bandoeng - 93 Offrs and O/Rs
• One platoon of the Australian Guard Battalion
• 105th General Transport Company (Australian)
Location Tjisaoek - 206 Offrs and O/Rs
• 2/3 Reserve Motor Transport Company (Australian)
Location Batavia - 471 Offrs and O/Rs
• A Field Ambulance (Australian)
• Composite A.I.F. Battalion (100 reinforcements on there way to Malaya plus 175 Australians that escaped from Singapore)
Stragglers and details (absorbed in 2/3 Machine Gun Battalion and 2/2 Pioneer Battalion)
Location Bandoeng - 238 Offrs and O/Rs
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
• One Squadron of the 3rd Hussars (Mk VIb light tanks) (British)
• 2nd Battalion/131st Field Artillery Regiment (American)

Brigadier A.S. Blackburn scrounged up a number Bren guns, some antitank rifles, three mortars, 600 grenades, some trucks, a few carriers and a considerable number of light armoured cars. He organized BLACKFORCE into three infantry battalions which he numbered:
- 1st Infantry Battalion under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Lyneham
- 2nd Infantry Battalion under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Williams and
- 3rd Infantry Battalion under the command of Major de Crespigny

Militaire Luchtvaart, KNIL (Air Force)
United States Air Force (USAAF)
Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF)
Royal Air Force (RAF)

- still under construction! -

Zeemacht Nederlands-IndiŽ (Royal Dutch Navy)
United States Navy (USN)
Royal Australian Navy (HMAS)
Royal Navy (HMS)

- still under construction! -


Nihon Rikugun (Imperial Japanese Army)
The Japanese Invasion Force intended for the occupation of the Java Island, was the 16th Army HQ under the command of Lieutenant-General Hitoshi Imamura and the Chief of Staff Major-General Okasaki.
The composition of this army was as follows
• 2nd Division under command of Major-General Masao Maruyama
• 48th Division under command of Major-General Yuitsu Tsuchihashi
• 230th Infantry Regiment of 38th Division
• 56th Regimental Infantry Group under command of Major-General Shizuo Sakaguchi
plus other auxiliary and support units

Teikoku Kaigun (Imperial Japanese Navy)
For the direct attack and occupation of Java Island a combined Java Force was formed, consisting of a force for Western Java and one for Eastern Java under command of Vice-Admiral Ibo Takahashi aboard the heavy cruiser Ashigara, accompanied by the cruiser Myoko and two destroyers, the Ikazuchi and Akebono.

Force for Western Java
Left Camranh Bay (French Indochina) on February 18th for landings at Merak, Bantam Bay and Eretanwetan. The convoy consisted of 56 transport ships carrying the Headquarters of the 16th Army, the 2nd Division and the 230th Infantry Regiment. The convoy escort was under the command of Rear-Admiral Kenzaburo Hara. It consisted of
cruisers- Yura and Natori
• 5th Destroyer Division
destroyers- Asakaze, Harukaze and Hatakaze
• 11th Destroyer Division
destroyers- Fubuki, Shirayuki, Hatsuyuki
• 12th Destroyer Division
destroyers- Murakumo, Shirakumo
• 6th Destroyer Division
destroyers- Hibiki, Akatsuki
• 22nd Destroyer Division
destroyers- Satsuki, Fumitsuki, Nagatsuki, Minazuki
• 21st Torpedoboat Division
torpedo boats- Chidori, Hatsukari
Air Group was under the command of Rear-Admiral Kakuji Kakuta.
aircraft carrier Ryujo and destroyer Shikinami
Base Force was under the command of Rear-Admiral Sueto Hirose.
2nd Base Force
minelayer Shirataka
• 1st Minesweeper Division
minesweepers- W1, W2, W3, W4, W5
Covering Force was under the command of Rear-Admiral Takeo Kurita.
• 7th Cruiser Division
heavy cruisers- Mikuma (flagship), Mogami, Suzuya, Kumano and destroyers Akebono and Ikazuchi

Force for Eastern Java
Left Jolo Island (Philippines) on February 19th for landings near Kragan. The convoy consisted of 41 transport ships carrying 48th Division and the Sakaguchi Independent Brigade. The convoy escort was under command of Rear-Admiral Shoji Nishimura. It consisted of
4th Destroyer Squadron under the command of Rear-Admiral Shoji Nishimura
cruiser Naka (flagship)
• 9th Destroyer Division
destroyers- Asagumo, Minegumo, Natsugumo
Note The Natsugumo stayed with the transport fleet during the Battle of the Java Sea.
• 2nd Destroyer Division
destroyers- Murasame, Yudachi, Harusame, Samidare
2nd Destroyer Squadron was under command of Rear-Admiral Raizo Tanaka
cruiser Jintsu (flagship)
• 16th Destroyer Division
destroyers- Yukikaze, Tokitsukaze, Amatsukaze, Hatsukaze
• 22nd Destroyer Division
destroyers- Umikaze, Yamakaze, Kawakaze
Note The Umikaze stayed with the transport fleet during the Battle of the Java Sea.
Covering Force was under the command of Rear-Admiral Takeo Takagi.
• 5th Cruiser Division
heavy cruisers- Nachi (flagship), Haguro
• 7th Destroyer Division
destroyers- Ushio, Sazanami



Bibliography . Article List . Geographic Names

Copyright © Klemen. L. 1999-2000
Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941-1942

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